In this post, we will breakdown and analyze the Now Playing screen of Spotify app, and try to replicate it using Auto Layout. This post assume you have some experience working with Auto Layout.
Here's the Now Playing screen of Spotify viewed in iPhone 8 screen size:
The scrollable album art is a collection view, song name and artist name are labels, there's five button (shuffle, previous, play/pause, next, repeat), the song progress bar is a slider. The left two and right two buttons are grouped in stack views, this will be explained more later.
The vertical distance of each UI elements are shown using the blue arrow. Feel free to tweak the value of the vertical constraint until it feels right for you.
Download the starter project to follow along the postGet starter Xcode project containing playback icons, album art and prearranged labels / buttons.
Album Art Collection View
Let's say each album art is a collection view cell itself, each cell is a square , meaning its width is equal to height, this means a ratio of 1:1 .
To make it simple, assume the collection view containing the cell has the same height as the cell itself, with same width but with added spacing on the left (34 pt) and right (34 pt). This means the collection view has an aspect ratio of 1:1 + 34 +34 = 1:1 + 68.
1 * width = 1 * height + 34 +34 width = height + 68 height = width - 68
The collection view has a top constraint to the top edge of safe area, leading constraint with value 0, trailing constraint with value 0. The leading and trailing constraint means that the collection view's width is equal to the screen width.
Since there are distances from the album art to the screen edge (left and right), and the album art is a square, the height of the collection view will be 68 pt lesser than its width.
We can set a ratio constraint on the collection view like this :
In the attribute inspector, set the scrolling direction of the collection view to horizontal.
Set the collection view's background color to "Clear color" so it will be transparent. This is needed when we do the fading effect of the album art image in the next part.
Album Art Collection View Cell
After creating the collection view, drag a collection view cell into the collection view if there isn't one already :
Set the collection view cell's background color to "Clear color" so it will be transparent. This is needed when we do the fading effect of the album art image in the next part. We will also set a reuse identifier for the cell so we can reuse it in code in the next part.
After that, drag an image view into the cell and add constraints to make the image has the same size as the cell. Create a top, leading, trailing and bottom constraints with value 0 for the image view.
Next, set the imageview's image to your favorite album art picture! 😆
Say you are using the play button from Font Awesome like this :
To make it simple, we set a fixed width (74pt) and height (74pt) for the Play button and center it horizontally to the parent view.
To add a surrounding circle to the play button, we can use the cornerRadius and borderWidth property of the button's layer.
// the circle around the play button playButton.layer.cornerRadius = playButton.frame.size.height / 2.0 playButton.layer.borderWidth = 2.0 playButton.layer.borderColor = UIColor.white.cgColor
Hmmm, now the play button image seems too big and too close to the surrounding circle :
We can adjust the Image Insets of the button in Size inspector tab to add padding to the image :
The image insets means the spacing from the image to the button edge. With the above values, we will set 20 pt padding on top, left, bottom and right for the image inside button.
After adding insets, the play button looks better now with padding :
Playback buttons and stack view
The play button is located in the center (using the align horizontal center constraint), and there's other buttons beside it. At first glance, using fixed leading / trailing constraint between each button seems to do the job :
These constraints looks fine on an iPhone SE screen size, but when viewed on iPhone 8 plus, the left and right edge of the screen feels empty as it have too much blank space.
To reduce the blank space, we will have to distribute the button evenly, meaning they occupy a certain proportion of the width of the screen size. As the screen width increase, they should occupy more width so that there wouldn't be a chunk of blank space.
To distribute button evenly, we can use a stack view and set its Distribution property to Fill Equally. Then we place placeholder views inside the stackview and each of the placeholder view has the same width. Next we place the button inside the placeholder view, and horizontally center the button to the placeholder view.
Repeat this process for the left part (shuffle and previous buttons). Now you should have an evenly distributed buttons. But you might find the image on the button stretches, this is because the content mode of image inside a button is "Scale to Fill" by default. To resolve the stretching issue, we can set the content mode to "Aspect Fit" using code :
// make the image on these button become aspect fit so it won't stretch shuffleButton.imageView?.contentMode = .scaleAspectFit previousButton.imageView?.contentMode = .scaleAspectFit forwardButton.imageView?.contentMode = .scaleAspectFit repeatButton.imageView?.contentMode = .scaleAspectFit
This is how the playback buttons looks like in iPhone SE and iPhone 8 plus using stack view:
A default slider looks like this:
You can customize the left bar color and right bar color with the Min Track and Max track color property.
As the default circle size is too large for the song progress slider, we can replace it with a smaller circle (the circle is called as "Thumb"). You will need to prepare an image containing a smaller circle for this.
// set image for the button of the slider, when not selected, its small progressSlider.setThumbImage(UIImage(named: "sliderThumb"), for: .normal)
If you have noticed, when you are selecting the slider in Spotify, the thumb become larger and has another layer of half-transparent circle around it.
The easiest way to replicate this is to prepare an image for it. And set a different thumb image for the selected state.
// when selected, use a larger image progressSlider.setThumbImage(UIImage(named: "sliderThumbSelected"), for: .highlighted)
It kinda looks good now! Just that the collection view cell doesn't have spacing and doesn't have the zooming / fade out effect when scrolled. We will add these effect into the collection view in part 2.
Learn and understand how Auto Layout worksCan't wrap your head around Auto Layout?
In this free 6 lesson email course, you will learn :
- How Auto Layout determines the position and size of a view 📏
- How to solve red lines (missing / conflicting constraint) in Interface Builder❗️
- How to create dynamic height label and using it for dynamic layout⚡️